Japan eVISA Application Guide (How to Apply & My Experience)

The JAPAN eVISA system is a new application process launched in August 2022 that seeks to significantly ease the process of applying for a Japanese Visa to enter the country of Japan. It is especially useful during the current entry rules that require all foreign visitors to apply for a visa — whether for tourism, business, visiting relatives, or any other purpose.

In this guide, we’ll cover in detail how to access the JAPAN eVISA system, who is eligible to use it, how to complete application process, what to expect after applying, and my personal experience receiving a JAPAN eVISA recently.

Who Is Eligible To Apply for Japan eVisa?

Being a relatively new system just introduced in 2022, there are unfortunately a number of limitations for who can apply using the Japan eVisa system. Most notably, applicants must be applying from either the United States of America or Canada. Applicants from other countries must continue to apply in-person at their nearest local Japanese Consulate.

Here are the complete eligibility requirements to apply through the Japan eVisa online application:

  • Resident of United States of America or Canada.
  • Single-Entry Visa.
  • Staying in Japan for purpose of business, tourism, or visiting relatives.
  • Short-term stays of 90 days or less.

How To Create Japan eVisa Account

To get started, you’ll first need to create an account on the Japan eVisa website first. Don’t worry, it’s very simple!

To create an account, the following information is required:

  • Email Address
  • Language
  • Nationality or Region
  • Application Destination

All of this is pretty straightforward, but I’ll briefly explain the final Application Destination field. Essentially, the Japan eVisa system is a middle-man between you and your local Japanese consulate. So by providing your country and state/province, the system will match you with the closest Japanese consulate near you, who will process your eVisa application later.

After verifying your email address, you will be asked to create a password as well.

How To Apply For Japan eVisa

After you’ve created an account and logged into the Japan eVisa website, you will be presented with this start screen indicating the Japanese consulate that has jurisdiction over your location, an overview of the application procedure, and most importantly the New Registration button.

When opening a new application, you first need to click and agree to a disclaimer, and then you can begin to fill out the appropriate fields. The exact fields you will be required to fill out can vary by residency and your purpose of visit, but we’ll cover over a brief summary below of the fields that should apply for all eVisas.

Finally, before you start filling out the application, please note that the Japan eVisa website does NOT save your in-progress application. If you don’t have time to sit down and complete the entire process in this moment, I recommend waiting until you can find time to do so.

Basic Information

Purpose of Visit: Choose between Tourism, Business & Various Exchanges, or Visiting Relatives.

Passport Image: You need to upload a photo of your passport. This must be under 2MB in image size, so resizing it with an online tool may be necessary before uploading.

Facial Image: You need to upload a photo of yourself. Per Japan’s guidelines, it must be a clear shot of your entire face horizontally centered in the photo with plain background shall contain no texture, must be taken within 6 months.” You may also need to click the ‘Cut out the face manually’ button to crop the photo to Japan’s guidelines.

Note that the image provided will be used on your eVisa when it’s issued, so make sure you don’t completely hate it! Also, the image must be under 2MB in size, so resizing it with an online tool may be necessary before uploading.

Passport Information: Enter your family name (last name), given name (first name), middle names, birthday, nationality, birthplace, gender, passport number, passport issue date, passport expiry date, and more exactly as shown on your passport that was uploaded previously.

Accommodation / Destination: Enter the area where you will be staying in Japan, as well as your destination in Japan. Strangely, both of these fields feature a dropdown that only has specific options for four of Japan’s 47 different prefectures. So unless your destination is in Iwate, Miyagi, Fukushima, or Okinawa… just select Other.

Number Of Times The Visa Is Valid: The Japan eVisa currently only supports single-entry visas, so the only option to select is Single. If you require multiple uses, then you will need to apply in-person at a consulate.

Occupation: Enter the occupation of yourself, and your spouse if applicable. Self-employed people may want to select Independent Business, whereas traditionally employed people may want to select Office Worker. Note that I am not an immigration lawyer and this is not legal advice.

Accommodation Information

Scheduled Date Of Entry Into Japan / Departure From Japan: Enter your scheduled date of entry into the country, and date of departure out of Japan. For most people, these can simply be your flight dates.

Note that it’s my understanding that the dates do not need to be precisely exact. The visa you are issued will likely be valid for entry at any point in the next 90 days following approval.

Name Of Japanese Airport Of Arrival Or Port Of Arrival: Enter the airport or port you will be entering Japan through. For most people, this will be Narita International Airport (NRT), Tokyo International Airport (HND), or Kansai International Airport (KIX).

Name Of Airline, Flight Number Or Vessel Name: Enter the flight you will be entering Japan on, or vessel name if arriving by cruise or other boat.

To keep it simple, you may simply provide the short flight number without any lengthy airline names. For example, if you are booked on United Airlines’ flight 32 from LAX to NRT, you can enter UA32 here.

Accommodation Or Hotel Name: Enter the name of the hotel or other accommodation (like an Airbnb or friend’s home) you will be staying at during your trip in Japan.

If you are intending to stay at multiple different accommodations or hotels during your stay, simply enter the name of the first hotel you will check-in to after arriving in Japan. This is applicable to the address and telephone information as well.

Telephone Number / Address Of The Accommodation: Enter the complete address of the hotel or residence you will be staying at in Japan, as well as phone number.

Cumulative Number Of Days Of Stay In The Last Year: Enter the number of days that you have previously stayed in Japan in total within the past year. Sadly, for the vast majority of us, this will be a big 0!

Current Address of the Applicant

In this section, enter your complete home address, phone number, and email address in the provided fields.

Employer (Company/School/University)

In this section, provide basic information about your employment or enrolled education status. This may include the name and phone number of your employer or school.


Towards the end of the application, there are a number of questions that must be answered about your personal history. These include whether you have been previously refused a visa, convicted of a crime, sentenced to prison, deported from a country, and other questions.

Application Documents

The final piece of your Japan eVISA application includes uploading any required or related documents. What you may need to apply will vary by the type of visa you are applying for, or the current state of Japan’s entry rules.

As an example, if you wish to apply for a Tourism Visa under current rules, you will need to upload and provide a Certificate of Completion of Registration to the ERFS System. This can be obtained by working with a tour agency company in Japan to review your itinerary and issue you an ERFS certificate.

Another example is that those applying for a Visiting Relative Visa under current rules may need to upload and provide some sort of Invitation Letter indicating relationship to the applicant.

Submit Your Application (It’s Confusing!)

After you’ve completed all of the information on your Japan eVISA application and it’s finished, make sure it’s actually submitted! At least for myself, I found the interface to be a little confusing and didn’t initially fully submit my application.

Under the ‘Visa Application List’, you will initially see your application listed with the status of ‘Application not made’. To have your eVisa application formally submitted and ready to be assessed, you need to take an extra step of checking the box next to the application and pressing the large orange Application button in the bottom right of the page.

This button will lead you to a confirmation page where your Japan eVisa application can be formally submitted after proceeding through warnings. The next page will remark that ‘The application is complete’ and the status will update to ‘Application in progress’.

Paying Visa Fees If Applicable

Unfortunately, the Japan eVISA system is incapable of taking payment of any required visa fees. A visit to a Japanese consulate will be necessary to pay such fees before receiving an eVISA if required.

However, for the vast majority of Japan eVisa users, paying these visa fees will not actually be required. That’s because both the United States and Canada have visa agreements with Japan that allow for citizens of these countries to have visa fees waived. Phew!

Getting & Viewing Your Japan eVisa

If you are successful and your Japan eVisa is approved, you’ll receive access to two different forms of Visa Issuance Notice documents that confirm your approved visa for entry into Japan:

  • Visa Issuance Notice (PDF): A PDF document that can be downloaded as a receipt.
  • Visa Issuance Notice (To Display): A live page on the Japan eVisa website that can be viewed with an authenticity timer and photo.

These can both be accessed by going to the ‘Visa application list’ on the Japan eVISA website, selecting the checkbox next to your application row, and pressing either the Visa Issurance Notice (PDF) or Visa Issuance Notice (To Display) blue buttons.

The Visa Issuance Notice PDF document is primarily intended as a receipt of sorts to confirm to you that Japan has issued an eVisa for you, alongside the relevant details of your identity, visa stay duration, date of issue, and date of expiry. However, it is advised that this PDF document should not be used as a proper proof of visa.

The Visa Issuance Notice (To Display) is a live webpage that can be accessed directly at any time from the Japan eVISA website. Unlike the PDF document, this webpage constitutes contains your uploaded facial image and features a live timer in the top right that can be used to confirm authenticity. For those reasons, this is the recommended form when proving your eligibility to enter Japan to an authority, such as an airline at check-in.

Furthermore, the official Japan eVISA website currently has the following important notice outlining this policy:

This eVisa system is not available for Applicant who cannot display “Visa issuance notice” on the mobile devices at the airport. (Printed out document or screenshot is not accepted).

So in conclusion, the PDF document is nice to have as a receipt of sorts to celebrate the approval of your visa and confirm all of the information as accurate — but you should treat the ‘To Display’ option on the Japan eVisa website as the true confirmation!

My Personal Experience Applying For Japanese Tourism eVisa

Unlike some guides on the internet, this article isn’t just based on available information from other sources — I personally applied for and successfully received a Japan eVisa in late August 2022.

For my personal experience, I applied for a short-stay Tourism Visa after working with a registered tour agency in Japan. After sharing my itinerary plans with the tour agency and paying a small fee, my information was inputted into the ERFS system and an ERFS certificate was generated that the tour agency sent to me.

Next, I proceeded to fill out the Japan eVisa application forms as described earlier in this article, including uploading my ERFS certificate as part of the process.

After submitting my application on a Friday night, I received an email on the following Monday night notifying that my Japanese eVisa had been successfully issued and the website updated allowing me to view it!

That’s an impressively quick turnaround of just three full days including a weekend but whether you experience the same will likely vary by your application’s assessed risk, your consulate location, and how busy they are.

As of this article’s last update, I haven’t yet travelled to Japan to use my eVisa, but I intend to do so in late September 2022 and will update later with my experience entering with an eVisa!

What Do Japan eVisa Statuses Mean?

Throughout my eVisa application’s journey, I noticed the status change at quite a few different points with descriptions that weren’t always particularly clear. Making matters worse, I was unable to find much information on the website explaining the different statuses.

Below are the eVisa statuses I encountered during my application process, approximately when they occurred, and my best understanding of what they each mean. I hope that this will help guide you along the process if you have submitted an application and ease any anxiety you may be feeling.

Application Not Made: Despite the name implying you haven’t made an application yet, this is the status you’ll see after filling out the application, but it hasn’t been properly submitted yet. Need help? We covered this tricky pitfall in the Submit Your Application (It’s Confusing!) section above.

Application In Progress: This status is what you’ll see immediately after properly submitting your application confirming that has been done successfully! If all goes well, this status should move on to the next one below within matter of minutes or hours.

Temporarily Received: Shortly after submitting your application, the Japan eVISA system will run an initial check and change the status to ‘Temporarily received’, alongside a notification sent to your account’s email address confirming ‘notice of completion of reception’. In my personal, this occurred after only about 20 minutes.

Received: This status seems to mark the Japanese consulate formally receiving your application and taking a brief look at it, while confirming whether your eVisa requires any visa payment fees, as the ‘Issuing fee’ column updated to ‘Free-of-use’. In my experience, this occurred about three days after submitting my application.

Examined And Passed: The semi-final status prior to having the Japan eVisa isssued, this status confirms that your application has been examined and that you have passed all checks, paving the way for your visa to be issued imminently. I encountered this about half a day after the ‘Received’ status.

Issued: The end of your journey to acquiring a Japanese visa is here when you see this status, confirming that you have been approved and can view your visa! An email announcing ‘notice of electronic visa issuance’ will be sent to your account’s email address as well. In my experience, the visa was issued just 20 minutes after I noticed the previous ‘Examined and Passed’ status.

Share Your Experience

If you have any further questions on how to navigate the Japan eVisa system, please feel free to ask in the comments below and I’ll try to help out using my experience.

And if you successfully complete the process yourself, consider leaving a comment below sharing your experience (such as approval time or any roadblocks you encountered) to help others who come across this guide in the future! Let’s all work together to visit Japan.

86 thoughts on “Japan eVISA Application Guide (How to Apply & My Experience)”

  1. Thank you for the helpful writeup Justin. Indeed the eVISA system has pitfalls.  I was surprised by the lack of “Submit” button at the end of the application.  I thought maybe it was submitted automatically after all visa info was entered.  Some people might just wait for a response from the visa office. I really wanted to be sure, so I looked at the application “Status” in the application list. But the only letters that showed up on my screen were “Applicati…”.  Thus, my status was a mystery!  The next day I realized the table cells can be dragged to display the rest of the text: “Application not made”.  So then how to submit?  It’s not obvious. Luckily I found the “JAPAN eVISA Manual” link on the upper right of the application portal, and it contained instructions to complete the submission.  I think some people will miss out on the visa if they don’t find that manual or a page like yours.
    I was issued the eVISA in 5 business days.  And just to let you know, there’s another status in the system… my application showed “Accepted” before “examined and passed”.   

  2. Thank you for sharing your story. I submitted mine on Sept 8th and received a notice on 12th for ready for issuance. Today I checked the status and the status changed back to under examination. So I am a little worried if they have changed the practice during these days. Will update.

  3. Thank you for the detailed insights. I submitted by application for an eVisa for Tourism purpose 10 days ago in Dubai . The status hasn’t changed from ‘temporarily received’ since then. Any advise on what could be the issue will be of help . I appreciate your guidance.

    • I got the same issue.. I’ve been waiting for 15 days now. Filed my application online, no choice but to wait I guess..

      • Hi Roman, I got the same issue here. My application was submitted on May 28 and it’s also showing as “temporarily received” as of now. I and wondering if this is due to the volume of applications because my first one in early April was very quick (within a week).

        • Experiencing the same here, I’m relieved to know that (apparently) it’s not something I messed up, but hoping it goes faster for all of us

        • I think It depends on the travel date if your travel date is more than a month from your application they will hold it they usually issue the visas within 2-3 weeks of visa application to travel date so means if you applied today and your travel date is after 2 weeks ull get the visa less in 5days but if its after 1 month they hold it

          • How do you know this? I’m traveling on July 20 and I submitted my e-Visa on June 25. It’s still showing up as Temporarily Received and I’m worried because my travel is less than a month away.

    • Did you get your visa? May i know how long did the whole wait take? I also applied in Dubai on June 21 and my status as of today is “under examination”.

  4. Me also same,Current Status is Temporarily Received.Applied on 03.06.2023.
    If any Update Please Describe Here.

  5. Hello! does anyone know if you “change application” do you go back in queue? or you keep the same queue but you can update your documents? I applied quite late and now had to change flight tickets since the approval would take longer.

    My guess is that once it goes for examination, the immigration officer will see the flight itinerary in the past and automatically reject it.

    • Hi Eldridge,

      I think you will still be in the same queue because I have just added some new materials to my application and the status is showing as “additional application materials registered” which I guess won’t lose you any privilege in the existing queue.

      Kind regards,

  6. I have just received a response from the consulate general in New York (where I submit my application) and they are saying due to the increased volume of applications, it will take longer to process them. I guess it works the same way for other places as well.

    Again, my most recent application was submitted on May 28 and as of today, Jun 15, it’s still temporarily received. Quite amazing how fast my last application was processed (within 3 days from submission to insurance in early April).

    Kind regards,

  7. Update as of Jun 19:

    The status has changed to “Under examination” after the consulate general gathers additional information about my application (although I think the website should allow uploads of multiple PDFs for one category at the same time because there is more than one required document). Quite interesting that the insurance fee is $22 now instead of $28 which I paid last time.

    • Hi,
      Did you get your eVISA? How long it takes from “under examination” to “payment”? And how do you pay the fee? Do you need to go to the establishment to pay? Or a credit card works? Thank you!

  8. Update as of 20th June
    Our application are now in the cancelled status and it doesn’t say why it has been cancelled and what part of the application was incomplete.

  9. Hi Justin! Thanks for your article.
    I just want to make sure, the e visa will not be there with the passport, right? When you at immigration officer in Japan, did they stamp your passport as ‘temporary visitor’, because if we want to buy transport pass like JR Pass, we need to show it to be able to use the PASS.

    • Yes, I got a temporary visitor stamp in the passport from the immigration officer! I’ve visited since without an eVisa and the stamp was exactly the same as the one I received with eVisa. No need to worry about that unless anything has changed since last fall!

  10. Hi everyone!

    Update here from today, 7/11. If you are short on time, highly suggest applying by mail. I’m in the NYC area and did so after seeing that it was taking so long to process my e-Visa. When I emailed the Japan Consulate and told them I was flying in less than a month, they told me to withdraw my e-Visa and apply by mail since it’s the fastest way to get a Visa now. The e-Visa process can take up to 3-4 weeks they said and that’s not even guaranteed. My visa application by mail was received on Wednesday last week and I picked it up today (Tuesday.) Took 5 business days, so highly suggest going this route if you’re in a rush.

  11. Hi Good eve to all, i applied evisa for our family last June 24, then results cames july 17, showing cancelled then i called embassy they told me this is not rejected, they asking me to resend only all the important docs.clearly images properly, Just now again i did all all PDF clear and nice upload, but im in the application list, status is application not made and askin me to click submit and confirm, the warning message is the files is under inspection wait for its completion ,what does it means? Can submit button & confirm button will be ok later on? Please answer me, i did alot of time and effort on sending again all my docs for my new registration application.file under inspection means??

  12. Hi! Regarding paying visa fees. “United States and Canada have visa agreements with Japan that allow for citizens of these countries to have visa fees waived” What if the applicant is not a citizen, just a PR? Hoping the fee is waived for me because the embassy is 2 plane rides away.

  13. Hi all, I’m also from Dubai and experiencing the same issue as those above. Applied for the eVisa on Aug 3rd and up until now the status is still “temporarily recieved”. I’m panicking because my flight is for the 21st and after reading so many people from Dubai’s posts both here and on reddit I’m realizing that its an issue many are facing perhaps due to large volume in applications. I wish I had gone through the consulate instead of wasted my time with this eVisa.

    • Hi Patrick, I did apply for an e-visa on July 24th and got a notification on Aug 10th that said my visa application has been canceled. I doubled checked all my uploaded documents and I couldn’t find any mistake. I tried also to get an appointment for a visit visa for the Dubai consulate after sending emails (this is the only way for visa appointment no calls and walk-in accepted) for several days, I got a reply that said I need to apply only online for a visit visa. The consulate handles business visas and multiple entry visas only. If you planning to get a multiple entry visa I guess the best solution is to get done with the Dubai consulate. Check the below link for appointment instructions.

  14. It’s in fact very complicated in this busy life to listen news on Television, therefore
    I only use world wide web for that purpose, and obtain the
    most recent information.

  15. Wow that was odd. I just wrote an incredibly long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t appear.
    Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyway,
    just wanted to say superb blog!

  16. The information is good . In the evisa form tried many time to cut out photo manually but each time its unsuccessful . Appreciate somebody could guide how to cut out the photo manually and the place of frame to accept the system.

  17. I have applied for Japan evisa as I am living in Dubai. It shows Temp Received for almost 10 days then after it shows under examination. After 4 days of ghis status then it shows issue and there was no fee to pay. Although, I received Visa Grant Notice email the next day.


  18. I’m really loving the theme/design of your site.
    Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility issues?
    A small number of my blog audience have complained
    about my site not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Safari.
    Do you have any recommendations to help fix this issue?

  19. I applied it on 11 September got cancelled yesterday. Need help in exact photo size, cut out face manually, and uploading documents in proper way.

  20. Howdy! This blog post couldn’t be written much
    better! Looking at this article reminds me of my previous roommate!

    He constantly kept talking about this. I am going to send this information to him.
    Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing!

  21. I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your blog.
    Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself? Either way keep up the nice
    quality writing, it’s rare to see a nice blog like this one these days.

  22. My Visa application has been canceled again. Could somebody please guide me on how to upload new documents? On click of Change Application , there is no option to edit or re-upload the documents

  23. When I originally commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and
    now each time a comment is added I get three e-mails
    with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove me from that service?
    Bless you!

  24. Hi there,
    My husband accidentially hit the button of submitting as a family. Can we change it back to just submit application for himself? Will the system hold his application because it signals “family” and “waiting” for more application to be processed at the same time?
    Anyone knows? Please and thank you.

  25. I’m extremely impressed together with your writing talents and also with the structure in your weblog.
    Is that this a paid subject matter or did you modify it your self?
    Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing,
    it’s uncommon to see a great blog like this
    one these days..

  26. Oh my goodness! Amazing article dude! Many thanks,
    However I am having difficulties with your RSS.
    I don’t know why I cannot join it. Is there anybody else having the
    same RSS issues? Anyone who knows the solution can you kindly respond?

  27. I’ve been exploring for a little for any high-quality articles or blog posts on this sort of area .
    Exploring in Yahoo I finally stumbled upon this site.
    Studying this info So i am glad to exhibit that I have a
    very excellent uncanny feeling I came upon just what
    I needed. I most definitely will make certain to
    do not fail to remember this site and provides it a glance regularly.

  28. Психолог (др.-греч. ψυχή — душа;
    λόγος — знание) — специалист, занимающийся изучением проявлений,
    способов и форм организации психических
    явлений личности в различных областях человеческой деятельности для решения научно-исследовательских и прикладных задач, а также с целью оказания психологической помощи,
    поддержки и сопровождения.

  29. Психическое здоровье включает
    в себя наше эмоциональное,
    психологическое и социальное благополучие.
    Это влияет на то, как мы думаем, чувствуем и действуем.
    Оно также помогает определить, как мы справляемся со стрессом, относимся к другим и делаем здоровый выбор.

    Психическое здоровье важно на каждом этапе жизни:
    с детства и подросткового возраста до взрослой жизни.ние) — специалист,
    занимающийся изучением проявлений,
    способов и форм организации психических явлений личности в
    различных областях человеческой деятельности для решения научно-исследовательских
    и прикладных задач, а также с целью оказания психологической помощи, поддержки и сопровождения.

  30. Другая разновидность ошибки, которую часто совершают,
    возникает, когда человек, предающийся медитации, выступает во
    внутренних событиях не сам
    по себе, а как некая фиктивная личность.

    При таком подходе, конечно, происходящее внутри лишается любого характера истинного взаимодействия и синтеза между сознанием и бессознательным.
    Эта ошибка обычно настолько неуловима, что часто может быть обнаружена только косвенно, через реакции в снах и
    через отсутствие какого-либо эффекта.
    Когда воображение происходит
    благополучно и очень легко, это часто подозрительно, так как настоящее
    активное воображение требует значительных усилий и в начале редко может длиться дольше
    чем 10 или 15 минут. Также во многих случаях есть трудности в самом начале, и самые
    распространённые из них следующие.
    Из всего написанного люблю я только то, что пишется своей кровью.
    Пиши кровью – и ты узнаешь, что кровь есть дух.
    Впрочем, это рассуждения из области догадок.
    Хотя, безусловно, понятия воли,
    самодисциплины и преодоления, игравшие важную роль в жизни и философии Ницше,
    могли получить в такой обстановке
    дополнительную закалку.

  31. Психическое здоровье включает в себя наше эмоциональное, психологическое и социальное благополучие.

    Это влияет на то, как мы думаем, чувствуем и действуем.
    Оно также помогает определить, как
    мы справляемся со стрессом, относимся
    к другим и делаем здоровый выбор.

    Психическое здоровье важно на
    каждом этапе жизни: с детства и подросткового возраста до взрослой жизни.ние)
    — специалист, занимающийся изучением проявлений,
    способов и форм организации психических явлений
    личности в различных областях человеческой деятельности
    для решения научно-исследовательских и прикладных задач,
    а также с целью оказания психологической помощи, поддержки
    и сопровождения.

  32. Hi there! This is my first visit to your blog! We are
    a collection of volunteers and starting a new project in a
    community in the same niche. Your blog provided us valuable information to work on. You have done a wonderful job!

  33. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your blog
    and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account
    your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to
    your augment and even I achievement you access consistently quickly.

  34. Heya! I understand this is kind of off-topic but I had to ask.
    Does managing a well-established website such as yours require a
    massive amount work? I’m brand new to blogging however I do write in my diary everyday.

    I’d like to start a blog so I can share my experience and thoughts online.
    Please let me know if you have any kind of ideas or tips for brand new aspiring
    blog owners. Appreciate it!


Leave a Comment